Smoking and tumor obstruction are risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic anterior resection during rectal cancer treatment
1) Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Tokyo, Japan
2) Department of Surgery, Ibaraki Prefectural Central Hospital, Japan
Objectives: To clarify the surgical outcomes and risk factors for anastomotic leakage (AL) following laparoscopic anterior resection (Lap-AR) for the treatment of rectal cancer. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 175 consecutive primary rectal cancer patients who had undergone Lap-AR at our institution between April 2012 and November 2015. Patient, tumor, and surgical variables were analyzed using univariate analyses. Results: Of 175 patients, 116 were men (66.3%). All four patients who had AL (2.3%) were men and current smokers with heavy smoking histories. In three of the AL cases, preoperative total colonoscopy was impossible owing to tumor obstruction, and the other case had concomitant obstructive colitis after oral bowel preparation. Univariate analysis identified tumor size, tumor obstruction, and smoking history as factors significantly associated with AL development. Conclusions: Tumor size, tumor obstruction, and smoking history were risk factors for AL following Lap-AR for the treatment of primary rectal cancer.